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Numerical Reasoning

Cognitive Abilities

🔢 Numerical Reasoning Assessment

A numerical reasoning test measures the candidates ability to solve problems with numbers. Numerical reasoning is a predictor of general mental ability and part of a person’s fluid intelligence.

Numerical Reasoning is a component of cognitive ability

💡 Cognitive ability is defined as a general mental capability to perform tasks associated with perception, learning, memory, understanding, awareness, reasoning, judgment, intuition, and language. Cognitive ability is also often referred to as intelligence or general mental ability.

👉 Across organizations, cultures, and centuries, individual differences in cognitive ability and personality traits have played a critical role in all behavior, especially in organizations, from the manufacturing line to the boardroom.

How do we measure numerical reasoning?

Numerical reasoning is measured through a person’s fluid intelligence.

Fluid intelligence refers to solving unfamiliar problems, in that performance does not depend on prior learning, but rather, on abstract reasoning. E.g., concept formation, classification of novel stimuli, generalization of known solutions to new problems and contexts, identification of relevant similarities, differences, and relations among diverse objects and ideas.

The candidate will answer numerical sequences. The sequences are based on numerical patterns that are governed by a logical rule. The task is to complete the sequence.

Below you can see an example item:

💡 Interpretation of numerical reasoning assessments

➕ People with high scores on numerical reasoning can solve unfamiliar problems by abstract reasoning. They can identify relevant similarities, differences, and relations among diverse objects and ideas

➖ People with low scores on numerical reasoning might experience difficulties to solve problems with numbers. They struggle in classification of novel stimuli, generalization of known solutions to new problems and contexts.

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