Probationary Period

December 14, 2023
Best Practices & Guides
Learn to navigate the probationary period successfully, from setting clear expectations to effective communication and decision-making.

What is a Probationary Period?

A probationary period, often referred to as a trial period, is a defined timeframe during which a newly hired employee's performance and suitability for a position are closely monitored and assessed. This period typically follows the initial hiring, and its duration can vary, commonly lasting for 30, 60, or 90 days.

Purpose of a Probationary Period

  1. Evaluation: The primary purpose is to evaluate the employee's ability to meet job requirements, perform tasks competently, and adapt to the company's culture.
  2. Cultural Fit: It offers a chance to assess if the employee aligns with the organization's values, work ethic, and overall culture.
  3. Two-Way Assessment: It provides an opportunity for both the employer and employee to assess if the job and company are a good long-term fit.
  4. Feedback and Improvement: During this period, employees receive feedback, allowing them to make necessary improvements and adjustments.

Importance of Probationary Periods

Probationary periods serve several vital functions in the employment process. Here are some key reasons why they are essential:

  • Quality Control: Employers can ensure that new hires meet job expectations and standards before confirming their permanent employment.
  • Risk Mitigation: It helps reduce the risk of making a long-term hiring mistake. If an employee doesn't meet expectations during the probationary period, termination is typically easier and less costly.
  • Performance Improvement: It provides employees with a structured timeframe to address and improve any performance issues that may arise.
  • Cultural Alignment: Employers can assess if an employee fits well within the company's culture and values, reducing potential conflicts down the road.
  • Legal Compliance: Properly structured probationary periods can help organizations stay in compliance with labor laws and regulations, ensuring fair employment practices.

Probationary periods are a critical phase in the employment relationship, serving as a mutually beneficial trial period that aids in making informed decisions about long-term employment. Understanding their purpose and significance is vital for both employers and employees.

How to Set Up a Probationary Period?

Setting up a probationary period is a critical step in ensuring a smooth evaluation process for both employers and employees.

Legal and Regulatory Considerations

Before implementing a probationary period, it's essential to navigate the legal landscape. Employment laws and regulations can vary significantly depending on your location, so it's crucial to be aware of the following considerations:

  • Local Labor Laws: Familiarize yourself with local labor laws and regulations, as they may dictate the duration and terms of probationary periods.
  • Anti-Discrimination Laws: Ensure that your probationary period policies do not discriminate against employees based on protected characteristics such as age, gender, race, religion, disability, or other legally protected attributes.
  • Employee Rights: Understand the rights and protections afforded to employees during probation, such as the right to fair treatment and timely feedback.
  • Termination Laws: Be aware of the circumstances under which employment can be terminated during the probationary period and ensure compliance with relevant laws.

It's crucial to consult with legal counsel or human resources experts to ensure that your probationary period policies are in line with the law.

Establishing Clear Policies and Guidelines

To create a successful probationary period, clarity is paramount. Ambiguity can lead to misunderstandings and potential conflicts.

  • Duration: Clearly define the probationary period's duration. Common lengths include 30, 60, or 90 days, but it can vary based on your organization's needs.
  • Expectations: Outline the specific performance expectations, goals, and objectives that employees must meet during the probationary period. Ensure that these expectations are realistic and aligned with the job description.
  • Documentation Procedures: Describe the process for documenting evaluations, feedback, and any performance-related issues that may arise during the probationary period. Robust documentation is crucial for making informed decisions.
  • Termination Criteria: Define the circumstances under which employment may be terminated during the probationary period. This should include performance-related reasons as well as any other applicable conditions.

By establishing clear policies and guidelines, you provide employees with a roadmap for success and reduce the potential for misunderstandings.

Communication with Employees

Open and transparent communication is vital throughout the probationary period. Effective communication helps employees understand their roles and expectations, fosters a positive work environment, and allows for early issue resolution.

  • Orientation: Provide new employees with a comprehensive orientation that covers not only their job duties but also the company's culture, values, and mission.
  • Expectations: Clearly communicate what is expected from employees during the probationary period. This includes performance benchmarks, behavior standards, and any specific goals.
  • Feedback Channels: Establish clear channels for regular feedback. Encourage employees to ask questions, seek clarification, and voice any concerns they may have.
  • Timely Feedback: Ensure that feedback sessions are conducted regularly and promptly. Timely feedback allows employees to make necessary adjustments and improvements.

Open and effective communication lays the foundation for a positive probationary period experience, fostering mutual understanding and trust between employees and employers.

Documentation Requirements

Accurate and thorough documentation are critical components of a well-managed probationary period. Proper documentation not only ensures fairness but also serves as a record of an employee's performance and progress.

  • Performance Records: Maintain detailed records of employee performance throughout the probationary period. Include achievements, areas needing improvement, and any notable incidents.
  • Feedback Logs: Keep a log of feedback sessions and performance discussions. Document both positive feedback and areas where improvement is needed.
  • Progress Reports: Prepare regular progress reports that summarize the employee's performance and progress toward meeting expectations and goals. These reports are essential for evaluation purposes.
  • Consistency: Ensure that documentation is consistent and objective. Avoid subjective or biased language, and focus on concrete observations and measurable results.

By adhering to proper documentation procedures, you create a factual basis for evaluating employee performance and making informed decisions at the end of the probationary period.

How to Prepare for the Probationary Period?

As you embark on your probationary period, adequate preparation is key to success.

Job Description and Expectations

Understanding your role and what's expected of you is foundational to a successful probationary period. Here's how to navigate this essential aspect:

  • Review Job Description: Take a close look at your job description and responsibilities. Ensure you have a clear understanding of the duties and tasks that are expected of you during the probationary period.
  • Seek Clarification: Don't hesitate to reach out to your supervisor or manager if any part of your job description is unclear or if you have questions. It's better to seek clarification upfront than to make assumptions.
  • Performance Expectations: Work with your manager to clearly define the performance expectations for your role during the probationary period. What are the key performance indicators (KPIs) that will be used to assess your progress?
  • Alignment: Ensure that your individual goals align with the broader objectives of the company. This alignment ensures that your contributions are meaningful and support the organization's success.

Training and Onboarding

A smooth onboarding process and access to necessary training are essential components of probationary period preparation:

  • Training Plan: Familiarize yourself with any training plan or schedule provided by your employer. This may include specific training sessions, workshops, or courses designed to equip you with the skills and knowledge required for your role.
  • Mentorship and Guidance: Seek out mentorship opportunities within your organization. A mentor can provide valuable insights, answer questions, and help you navigate the nuances of your new role and workplace.
  • Resource Identification: Identify the resources and tools available to support your job. This could include software, databases, reference materials, and any other assets that will aid in your day-to-day tasks.
  • Company Culture: Pay attention to the company's culture and values during the onboarding process. Understanding the company's culture will help you assimilate smoothly and align with the organization's ethos.

Performance Metrics and Goals

Clearly defined performance metrics and goals ensure that you know how success will be measured during your probationary period:

  • Key Performance Indicators (KPIs): Work with your supervisor or manager to identify the key performance indicators (KPIs) that are relevant to your role. KPIs provide a quantitative measure of your performance.
  • Goal Setting: Collaborate with your manager to set clear, measurable goals for the probationary period. These goals should be specific, achievable, and time-bound. They serve as milestones for tracking your progress.
  • Progress Tracking: Understand how your performance will be evaluated throughout the probationary period. This may involve regular check-ins, assessments, or reviews to gauge your development and alignment with established goals.
  • Feedback Loop: Establish an open feedback loop with your supervisor. Regularly discuss your progress and seek feedback to make necessary adjustments and improvements.

By thoroughly preparing for the probationary period, you not only increase your chances of success but also contribute positively to your organization's goals.

How to Manage the Probationary Period?

The probationary period is a dynamic phase where continuous monitoring, feedback, and support are essential for both employees and employers.

Monitoring Employee Progress

Monitoring your progress during the probationary period is crucial to ensure that you're on track to meet the established goals and expectations. Here's how you and your employer can track your progress effectively:

  • Regular Check-Ins: Schedule regular check-in meetings with your supervisor or manager. These meetings provide an opportunity to discuss your progress, challenges, and achievements.
  • Performance Metrics: Continuously measure your performance against the predefined key performance indicators (KPIs) and goals. This data-driven approach helps identify areas of strength and areas that may need improvement.
  • Documentation: Maintain a personal record of your accomplishments, feedback received, and any notable achievements. This documentation can be valuable when discussing your progress during performance evaluations.
  • Open Communication: Encourage open communication with your supervisor. If you encounter any roadblocks or challenges, it's essential to communicate them promptly to seek guidance and solutions.

Providing Feedback and Support

Feedback and support are integral to your growth and development during the probationary period. Effective communication between you and your supervisor plays a pivotal role:

  • Timely Feedback: Your supervisor should provide you with regular and timely feedback on your performance. This feedback should be specific, constructive, and focused on both your strengths and areas for improvement.
  • Recognition: Acknowledge your accomplishments and efforts. Positive reinforcement boosts morale and motivates you to maintain high performance.
  • Supportive Environment: Foster a supportive work environment where you feel comfortable seeking help and clarification when needed. Effective support can accelerate your learning curve.
  • Professional Development: Discuss opportunities for professional development and growth. Your supervisor may recommend training or skill-building activities to enhance your performance.

Addressing Performance Issues

In some cases, performance issues may arise during the probationary period. It's essential to address these issues promptly and constructively:

  • Identify Issues: Recognize performance issues as they arise. This may include missing goals, failing to meet KPIs, or demonstrating behavior inconsistent with company values.
  • Feedback Discussion: Initiate a feedback discussion with your supervisor to understand the areas that require improvement. Seek clarification on expectations and discuss strategies for improvement.
  • Performance Improvement Plan (PIP): In some cases, your employer may implement a Performance Improvement Plan (PIP). This plan outlines specific steps, timelines, and support mechanisms to help you address performance issues.
  • Commit to Improvement: If you encounter performance challenges, demonstrate your commitment to improvement. Proactively seek ways to enhance your skills and overcome obstacles.

Adjusting Expectations if Necessary

During the probationary period, it's possible that initial expectations may need adjustments based on your performance and evolving circumstances:

  • Evaluation Period: Regularly evaluate whether the initial expectations set at the beginning of the probationary period are realistic and attainable. Factors such as workload, training, and unforeseen challenges may necessitate adjustments.
  • Open Dialogue: Maintain open and transparent communication with your supervisor. If you believe that expectations need to be revised due to changing circumstances, discuss these concerns with your employer.
  • Flexibility: Be flexible and adaptable in adjusting your goals and expectations. The probationary period is an opportunity for mutual adaptation, and flexibility on both sides can lead to a successful outcome.

How to Evaluate Probationary Period Performance?

The culmination of the probationary period involves a comprehensive evaluation of your performance.

Assessing Employee Performance

Performance assessment is the cornerstone of the probationary period's conclusion. Both you and your employer play pivotal roles in this evaluation:

  • Self-Assessment: Take time for self-reflection. Assess your performance, highlighting achievements, improvements, and any challenges you've overcome. Identify areas where you believe you've excelled and those that require further development.
  • Supervisor Assessment: Your supervisor or manager will conduct a thorough assessment of your performance based on the predefined expectations, KPIs, and goals. Be prepared for an honest evaluation that covers various aspects of your work.
  • Objective Metrics: Objective data, such as sales figures, project completion rates, or customer feedback, may be used to gauge your performance. These metrics provide a factual basis for evaluation.
  • Behavioral Evaluation: Your behavior and attitude in the workplace also contribute to your overall performance assessment. Professionalism, teamwork, and adherence to company values are considered.

Collecting Feedback from Supervisors and Peers

In addition to self-assessment and supervisor evaluation, feedback from colleagues and peers can provide valuable insights into your performance:

  • Peer Feedback: Colleagues who have worked closely with you may be asked to provide feedback on your teamwork, communication, and collaboration skills. Peer input offers a well-rounded perspective.
  • 360-Degree Feedback: Some organizations use a 360-degree feedback system, where feedback is collected from supervisors, peers, and subordinates. This holistic approach provides a comprehensive view of your performance.
  • Anonymity: Feedback processes often allow for anonymity to encourage honest and candid responses. This ensures that feedback is based on observations and not influenced by personal biases.

Reviewing Documentation and Data

Documentation and data collected throughout the probationary period serve as critical references during the evaluation:

  • Performance Records: Refer to the records maintained during the probationary period, including feedback logs, progress reports, and performance metrics. These documents offer tangible evidence of your performance.
  • Consistency Check: Ensure that documentation aligns with your self-assessment and supervisor evaluation. Identify any discrepancies or areas where additional clarification is needed.
  • Trends and Patterns: Analyze performance trends and patterns over the probationary period. Identify areas of consistent improvement and areas where you may have faced challenges.
  • Goal Achievement: Evaluate your progress towards the goals set at the beginning of the probationary period. Assess whether you have met, exceeded, or fallen short of these objectives.

The evaluation process is a pivotal moment in the probationary period, as it informs the decision-making process regarding your continued employment with the organization.

How to Make Probationary Period Decisions?

As the probationary period concludes, your employer must make informed decisions about your future with the organization.

Continuation of Employment

Continuing employment beyond the probationary period is a positive outcome, indicating that you have met or exceeded the established performance expectations:

  • Confirmation: If your performance during the probationary period aligns with or exceeds expectations, you will likely receive confirmation of your continued employment. This confirmation may be accompanied by a formal employment offer.
  • Benefits: Upon confirmation, you may become eligible for the full range of benefits offered by the organization, such as health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off.
  • Career Path: Continuation of employment signifies an opportunity to further your career within the organization. It's an endorsement of your fit and potential for growth.

Termination or Extension of Probation

In some cases, your employer may decide to terminate your employment or extend the probationary period. Both outcomes require careful consideration:

  • Termination: Termination during or at the end of the probationary period indicates that your performance did not meet the established expectations. It's essential to handle this situation professionally and with grace.
  • Extension: Your employer may choose to extend your probationary period if they believe you have potential but require more time to evaluate your performance. This extension should come with clear objectives and expectations for improvement.

Communication with the Employee

Effective communication is vital, regardless of the outcome. Here's how the communication process should be managed:

  • Timely Notification: Your employer should communicate the decision promptly, ideally before the probationary period's conclusion. This allows you to plan your next steps accordingly.
  • Clarity: Whether it's a continuation, termination, or extension, the communication should be clear and unambiguous. You should have a precise understanding of the decision and its rationale.
  • Feedback and Guidance: In cases of termination or extension, request specific feedback and guidance on areas that require improvement. Use this feedback constructively to grow in your career.
  • Open Dialogue: Maintain an open and respectful dialogue with your employer. If you have questions or need clarification, don't hesitate to seek it. Open communication fosters mutual understanding.
  • Legal Considerations: Ensure that the communication and decisions align with local labor laws and regulations. If you believe that the decision is unfair or discriminatory, seek legal counsel if necessary.

Remember that the probationary period is a two-way evaluation process. Just as your employer assesses your fit within the organization, you also have the opportunity to evaluate whether the company aligns with your career goals and values.

In conclusion, the outcome of the probationary period decision-making process sets the course for your continued employment or the pursuit of new opportunities. Regardless of the outcome, approach it as a learning experience that contributes to your professional growth.

Best Practices for a Successful Probationary Period

Navigating a probationary period successfully requires a combination of proactive actions and a commitment to excellence. Here are some best practices to help you make the most of this crucial phase in your new job:

  1. Understand Expectations: From day one, ensure you have a clear understanding of your role, responsibilities, and performance expectations. Seek clarification if anything is unclear.
  2. Active Listening: Pay close attention during training and orientation. Actively listen to feedback and instructions to minimize mistakes and improve quickly.
  3. Communication: Maintain open and transparent communication with your supervisor and colleagues. Don't hesitate to ask questions, seek guidance, and provide updates on your progress.
  4. Goal Setting: Collaborate with your manager to set specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals for the probationary period.
  5. Self-Assessment: Continuously assess your own performance and identify areas where you excel and areas for improvement. Be proactive in addressing any shortcomings.
  6. Adaptability: Be flexible and adaptable to changes in your role or organization. The ability to adjust to evolving circumstances is a valuable asset.
  7. Time Management: Effectively manage your time to prioritize tasks and meet deadlines. Efficient time management demonstrates your commitment to the role.
  8. Professionalism: Exhibit professionalism in your behavior, interactions, and appearance. Uphold the company's values and culture.
  9. Feedback Utilization: Act on feedback received, whether it's positive reinforcement or constructive criticism. Use feedback as a tool for personal and professional growth.
  10. Documentation: Maintain accurate and organized records of your performance, achievements, and feedback discussions. Proper documentation aids in self-assessment and evaluation.
  11. Problem-Solving: Approach challenges with a problem-solving mindset. Seek solutions independently or collaboratively with your team.
  12. Initiative: Take initiative to contribute positively to your team and organization. Identify opportunities for improvement and suggest solutions.
  13. Professional Development: Seek opportunities for professional development, whether it's additional training, workshops, or skill-building activities.
  14. Maintain a Positive Attitude: Approach your work with enthusiasm and a positive attitude. Positivity can have a contagious effect on your colleagues.
  15. Reflect and Adapt: Regularly reflect on your progress and adjust your approach as needed. Adaptation and continuous improvement are keys to success.

By incorporating these best practices into your daily routine, you can increase your chances of not only successfully completing your probationary period but also establishing a strong foundation for a rewarding career within your organization. Remember that the probationary period is a valuable opportunity for mutual assessment and growth, so make the most of it.


The probationary period is a pivotal phase in your career journey, allowing both you and your employer to evaluate your fit within the organization. By understanding the expectations, communicating effectively, and proactively seeking feedback, you can maximize your chances of success during this period. Remember that it's an opportunity for growth and learning, regardless of the outcome.

Whether your probationary period results in continued employment, an extension, or even a new opportunity elsewhere, the experiences gained during this time will contribute to your professional development. Embrace the process, stay adaptable, and use the feedback received to continuously improve. With the right approach, you can make the most of your probationary period and set yourself up for a fulfilling career ahead.